God’s Ten Commandments versus Jesus’ Two Commandments

What are the differences? How can the “supposed” Son of God change the commands of God? Or, did He change them??? Let us look into this, it has always been on my mind and have not researched or even sought an answer…

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So, it is agreed, for the sake of this discussion that God did give to Moses, His servant, the Ten Commandments for Israel to adhere to and follow all the days of their lives and they were first given in Exodus 20:1-17 NKJV.

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And Jesus came along and gave us the Greatest Commandment in Matthew 22:36-40 NKJV, which is derived from Deuteronomy 6:1-3 NKJV.

Consider, for a moment or two, that there was a reason that Jesus simplified that which was already simple. How so, you might ask? Well, let’s take a good look:  The Jews were reminded that the Lord God lead them out of Egypt and the land of bondage.And the Sabbath was/is on a Saturday.

It is my contention that the Ten Commandments were, specifically geared toward the Jewish people, the very chosen people of God, Himself! Whereas, the modified Greatest Commandment was aimed toward the Jews but moreso in preparation for the Gentiles to adopted into the family of God.

As Christians, or sons and daughters who are adopted into the family of God (adoptive Jews, so to say) we were not lead from Egypt, we celebrate the Lord’s day on Sunday as it was the day upon which Jesus rose from the dead. Also, under the laws work was very specifically defined, such as walking beyond straight from one’s home to the synagogue was considered labor and other things as such. Jesus called out the Sanhedrin and Pharisees on such hypocrisies.

The Lord gave the Jews the land of milk and honey, i.e. Israel. While all of this world is the Lord’s, and everything therein…the land we live on was not given to us as the land (nation of Israel) was given to the Jews. While we can debate upon this matter, to a certain extent, we have not had to battle to maintain our land in our possessions as the Jewish people continue to do.

As I do think it a moot point that Jesus made the Lord simplified the Commandments which we are to live by, in that you either love God or you do not. Can we agree on that point, at least?

Let’s look at the Greatest Commandment which Jesus simplified for us:

“Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?” Jesus said to him, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.”~Matthew 22:36-40 NKJV

  • First of all, Jesus stated that “You shall love the Lord“, which makes these two commands individualistic and personal. Meaning they are demanded of each and every one of us who follow the Christ. No if’s, and’s, or but’s. We are to do so by choice, not by force
    • We are to love Him “with all our heart“, which means we are to be sincere in our love toward God. After all, God can see our hearts and therefore love is the first and great thing that we should devote to him.
    • We are to love Him “with all our soul“, which means the soul must be engaged for him, and all things carried out toward and for Him and for His glory.
    • We are to love Him “with all our mind“, which means God gave us a mind with which to think things out and to reason with. That said, we must glorify God with our power of thought and reason. We must use our minds to learn all we can of God and to pass that on towards others; thereby, to mentor and disciple others.
    • To love God as the One True and Only God and Creator of all, is the greatest test of all. After all, do you truly believe such a thing? And do you truly show your love toward God? Only you can answer such a question and you know that God can see your heart.
    • You love the Lord God when you honor Him, when you hold Him in the highest esteem because you know & believe that He created you and placed the breath of life in your nostrils. You honor God when you place nothing else before yourself in order to worship or love as your creator.
    • If you honor God daily, is there a necessity to have a special day? Good question, and each of us will have an opinion on such a subject. However, it cannot hurt to honor God on Sundays, despite your honoring Him everyday. Every day which you wake and rise with the breath of life in you…is, after all, a day of the Lord…is it not??

Some people make each concept (heart, soul, & mind) to denote one and the same thing, to love him with all our powers; others differentiate each term; the heart, soul, and mind, are the will, affections, and understanding. Our love of God must be a sincere love, and not in word and tongue only, as theirs is who say they love him, but their hearts are not with him. In my opinion, the Lord Jesus inferred that each term should be understood on their own merit(s) and as the sum of their merit(s), together. It is always wise to look at them from every angle possible, as God did grant us a mind to reason with.

  • Secondly, Jesus commanded us to …love your neighbor as yourself.” Sound familiar? It ought to, that pesky Golden Rule that we were taught as children. To love one’s neighbor as one’s self we need to follow last five of the ten commandments:
    • Honoring our parents, while not our neighbors but they are those over us who are commanded to rear us up in the word of God and teach us all His ways. We are instructed to hold those in high regard who are our elders.
    • Murder, adultery, stealing, false witnessing, and coveting – these each affect those around us, our neighbors, friends, etc. We would not appreciate any of these things happening to us; therefore, we are not to treat others so heinously! Our civil society is based upon these things; in fact, our laws are based upon these things. You honor and glorify God when you love your neighbor as yourself.

Is one set of commandments any better than the other? No, I don’t think so. But the commandments from Jesus were the true cumulative effect of all the Old Testament Laws and words of the prophets brought together in one paragraph.

I hope you found this interesting and helpful. My prayer is that we all can affect change in society through our changes toward how we treat our neighbors. Godspeed to you all!

May God Richly Bless You, My Beloved!

MK Murphy, PhD, DD

 

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We Are Obligated to Grow Our Faith

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We as Christians are obligated to not just grow in our faith, but to grow our understanding of it through reason and by theological means. We are also called to, “love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.” (Matthew 22:37) Which means we are to grow, learn, and expand our experiences. Our love of God is also shown through teaching others, sharing His word with others, as well as, through our prayers & praises.

Loving God with all of our heart infers that we do for others, by helping them, instructing & teaching them, showing our compassion, empathy. IF God is so important to us, then we must show it by sharing His love with all those we come in contact. Why you might ask? Because we may be the only person in all of this world who may speak to that one person where we share the love and sacrifice of Jesus for them. We were warned & charged to do something very special for our fellow man:

“Son of man, I have made you a watchman for the house of Israel; therefore hear a word from My mouth, and give them warning from Me: When I say to the wicked, ‘You shall surely die,’ and you give him no warning, nor speak to warn the wicked from his wicked way, to save his life, that same wicked man shall die in his iniquity; but his blood I will require at your hand. Yet, if you warn the wicked, and he does not turn from his wickedness, nor from his wicked way, he shall die in his iniquity; but you have delivered your soul.” ~Ezekiel 3:17-19

For all those we allow to walk by us and not speak a word about God to becomes a sin against us that we are culpable and accountable for. Especially, if they are never saved and never get the chance to turn from their present life by showing that you, or I, didn’t care enough to give them a warning about what was in store for them!

In order to be properly guided by the Holy Spirit to spread the Word of God to all those we come in contact with, we must love God with all our soul. The best way to do this is through a close prayer life with our Creator. As written in the Epistle to the Thessalonians:

“Rejoice always, pray without ceasing, in everything give thanks; for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus for you.” ~1 Thessalonians 5:16-18

To pray without ceasing we need to be in constant touch with God all throughout our day. Every free moment I have I find myself talking to God, asking for guidance, seeking His will, to have a renewed heart, mind, and spirit, to be filled with the Holy Spirit, to be filled with the Spirit of workmanship, wisdom, knowledge, compassion, love, etc. All the while I work, or have a closed eye moment. I am still working on my “prayer without ceasing” life. Funny, how something so integral & so minor, is both so important and yet so difficult. But, keep at it! It will eventually click and make more sense to you. The best thing to do is set aside a specific time or times each day in order to pray and also to praise God for all you need and all that you have received!

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And to love the Lord with all your mind, quite frankly, infers rather strongly that we are to use all of our intellect and our reason and bring them both to bear on any given subject. The only way to do so is to read the bible, research the meanings therein (cultural, intimated, inferred, intended, etc.) We will also bring our intellect and reason into the good fight by researching our own beliefs with a solid determination as to why we believe all that we believe. This is how we grow in our belief and faith. We, for the most part, were indoctrinated by our parents; hence, we believe because we were taught to believe. However, as we grow older, and hopefully wiser, we will come to an understanding as to why we believe. But THAT “why” must eventually be discerned by us, individually; in a way that we will understand; but more importantly, in a way we can explain to others that we may help others turn their lives over to God, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit.

Grow your faith, daily! It was said that Billy Graham said, “If you want to know the answer you need to read your bible daily. Study it and research it until you find the answer.” That was probably a paraphrase, but is probably a true meaning of what he passed along to someone who needed answers.

May God Richly Bless You All!

MK Murphy, PhD, DD