God’s Ten Commandments versus Jesus’ Two Commandments

What are the differences? How can the “supposed” Son of God change the commands of God? Or, did He change them??? Let us look into this, it has always been on my mind and have not researched or even sought an answer…

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So, it is agreed, for the sake of this discussion that God did give to Moses, His servant, the Ten Commandments for Israel to adhere to and follow all the days of their lives and they were first given in Exodus 20:1-17 NKJV.

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And Jesus came along and gave us the Greatest Commandment in Matthew 22:36-40 NKJV, which is derived from Deuteronomy 6:1-3 NKJV.

Consider, for a moment or two, that there was a reason that Jesus simplified that which was already simple. How so, you might ask? Well, let’s take a good look:  The Jews were reminded that the Lord God lead them out of Egypt and the land of bondage.And the Sabbath was/is on a Saturday.

It is my contention that the Ten Commandments were, specifically geared toward the Jewish people, the very chosen people of God, Himself! Whereas, the modified Greatest Commandment was aimed toward the Jews but moreso in preparation for the Gentiles to adopted into the family of God.

As Christians, or sons and daughters who are adopted into the family of God (adoptive Jews, so to say) we were not lead from Egypt, we celebrate the Lord’s day on Sunday as it was the day upon which Jesus rose from the dead. Also, under the laws work was very specifically defined, such as walking beyond straight from one’s home to the synagogue was considered labor and other things as such. Jesus called out the Sanhedrin and Pharisees on such hypocrisies.

The Lord gave the Jews the land of milk and honey, i.e. Israel. While all of this world is the Lord’s, and everything therein…the land we live on was not given to us as the land (nation of Israel) was given to the Jews. While we can debate upon this matter, to a certain extent, we have not had to battle to maintain our land in our possessions as the Jewish people continue to do.

As I do think it a moot point that Jesus made the Lord simplified the Commandments which we are to live by, in that you either love God or you do not. Can we agree on that point, at least?

Let’s look at the Greatest Commandment which Jesus simplified for us:

“Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?” Jesus said to him, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.”~Matthew 22:36-40 NKJV

  • First of all, Jesus stated that “You shall love the Lord“, which makes these two commands individualistic and personal. Meaning they are demanded of each and every one of us who follow the Christ. No if’s, and’s, or but’s. We are to do so by choice, not by force
    • We are to love Him “with all our heart“, which means we are to be sincere in our love toward God. After all, God can see our hearts and therefore love is the first and great thing that we should devote to him.
    • We are to love Him “with all our soul“, which means the soul must be engaged for him, and all things carried out toward and for Him and for His glory.
    • We are to love Him “with all our mind“, which means God gave us a mind with which to think things out and to reason with. That said, we must glorify God with our power of thought and reason. We must use our minds to learn all we can of God and to pass that on towards others; thereby, to mentor and disciple others.
    • To love God as the One True and Only God and Creator of all, is the greatest test of all. After all, do you truly believe such a thing? And do you truly show your love toward God? Only you can answer such a question and you know that God can see your heart.
    • You love the Lord God when you honor Him, when you hold Him in the highest esteem because you know & believe that He created you and placed the breath of life in your nostrils. You honor God when you place nothing else before yourself in order to worship or love as your creator.
    • If you honor God daily, is there a necessity to have a special day? Good question, and each of us will have an opinion on such a subject. However, it cannot hurt to honor God on Sundays, despite your honoring Him everyday. Every day which you wake and rise with the breath of life in you…is, after all, a day of the Lord…is it not??

Some people make each concept (heart, soul, & mind) to denote one and the same thing, to love him with all our powers; others differentiate each term; the heart, soul, and mind, are the will, affections, and understanding. Our love of God must be a sincere love, and not in word and tongue only, as theirs is who say they love him, but their hearts are not with him. In my opinion, the Lord Jesus inferred that each term should be understood on their own merit(s) and as the sum of their merit(s), together. It is always wise to look at them from every angle possible, as God did grant us a mind to reason with.

  • Secondly, Jesus commanded us to …love your neighbor as yourself.” Sound familiar? It ought to, that pesky Golden Rule that we were taught as children. To love one’s neighbor as one’s self we need to follow last five of the ten commandments:
    • Honoring our parents, while not our neighbors but they are those over us who are commanded to rear us up in the word of God and teach us all His ways. We are instructed to hold those in high regard who are our elders.
    • Murder, adultery, stealing, false witnessing, and coveting – these each affect those around us, our neighbors, friends, etc. We would not appreciate any of these things happening to us; therefore, we are not to treat others so heinously! Our civil society is based upon these things; in fact, our laws are based upon these things. You honor and glorify God when you love your neighbor as yourself.

Is one set of commandments any better than the other? No, I don’t think so. But the commandments from Jesus were the true cumulative effect of all the Old Testament Laws and words of the prophets brought together in one paragraph.

I hope you found this interesting and helpful. My prayer is that we all can affect change in society through our changes toward how we treat our neighbors. Godspeed to you all!

May God Richly Bless You, My Beloved!

MK Murphy, PhD, DD

 

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Marriage…til death do us part…

Marriage…til death do us part…or til we get tired of one another?

In just about every household there is an on-going joke, as morbid as it may be, “UNTIL DEATH DO WE PART…OR UNTIL ONE OF YOU KILLS THE OTHER FIRST!” Like I said, a rather morbid sense of humor but that is me. The sad truth is this, husbands and wives were single men and women before marriage; just in case you did not realize this. Also, just because you got married neither of you got rid of all your old thoughts, decision processes, or positions on life in general. In some cases, you didn’t do so completely and emphatically when you were saved, either. But you may have tried and fell back into those thoughts. And I am not saying that your thoughts, etc. were wrong either. But when we get married, we do not always go over our beliefs and thoughts on life with a fine toothed comb prior to tying the knot.

Jesus inferred that we were meant to live with each other until our final breath. Here is Jesus’ discussion on the topic:

The Pharisees also came to Him, testing Him, and saying to Him, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for just any reason?” And He answered and said to them, “Have you not read that He who made them at the beginning ‘made them male and female,’ and said, ‘For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’? So then, they are no longer two but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let not man separate.” They said to Him, “Why then did Moses command to give a certificate of divorce, and to put her away?” He said to them, “Moses, because of the hardness of your hearts, permitted you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it was not so. And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery; and whoever marries her who is divorced commits adultery.” His disciples said to Him, “If such is the case of the man with his wife, it is better not to marry.” ~Matthew 19:3-10 NKJV

Think about this for a moment…we will spend more time, figuratively speaking, to find a closer parking spot at a market, sports arena, or a concert rather than spending much needed time deciding what we desire or seek in a spouse. And to go just a bit further, we almost never seek what God wants of us, or has in store for us, because we are too busy thinking about the opposite sex due to our raging hormones. Parents have all but given up the guidance of their children in choosing a mate. And most children would probably not listen because they are too busy with their friends listening to some of their stories about how good they are in bed or how good someone else must be in bed because of the way they look or act or because  they are busy looking at porn. And, by the way, that is adultery…because Jesus said so…

You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’ But I say to you that whoever looks at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.~Matthew 5:27-28 NKJV

God has a plan for each and everyone of us, but we do need to listen and pay attention. We need to talk, to pray, and to seek out His will within His word…as single people and as married couples. We should be taking up the gauntlet to bring our children up in His ways, what He wants us to have in the way of a spouse. We need to take up the obligation, the task of speaking to our children about what constitutes a good spouse and act that way with our own spouses, especially in front of them and in secret from them. Because while in secret, we tend to act differently…sad to say but it is true.

According to The Witherspoon Institute, Public Discourse, a 2014 study produced the following (Stanton, 2015):

  1. The age-adjusted crude divorce rate is currently thirteen divorces for every 1,000 people age fifteen and older.
  2. This is the percentage of ever-divorced adults in a population. This, of course, is not an annual rate. Currently, 22 percent of women and 21 percent of men have ever been divorced.
  3. In 2011, nineteen out of every 1,000 marriages ended in divorce.
  4. This is the “40-50 percent” number that most people cite. It is not a hard, objective number, but an educated projection.

Now am I talking about taking the lead  as Abraham did for Isaac as depicted in Genesis 24? No, but I am saying we as parents need to spend more time teaching our children in the things of life than we actually do. Our American society has handed over all teaching of our children to the public schools. Guess what, they do not prepare them with marriage. Although, they have taught our children that they can have sex and how to make babies and that they do not need to ask our permission. Is this all true? By inference, yes it is. We as parents need to teach our kids how to create a loving long lasting relationship with their spouse by living it and blatantly teaching them on such subjects. It is our obligation to them, as our children, as a gift from God, and it is an obligation to God…because we are answerable to God for all of our actions, deeds, decisions, and words. How else can we train our children up in the statutes of the Lord, and His ways, if we do not teach them how to live with their spouse?

We as parents need to take a much larger role in our children’s lives, because if we do not people of the likes of Axl Rose, John Belushi, Janis Joplin, Marilyn Monroe, Kurt Cobain, as well as others, including their peers who know nothing about life, will be glad to take up such a challenge!

If you truly believe your child is precious cargo…then treat them s such and teach them for God’s sake, your sake and their own future’s sake!

May God Richly Bless You, My Beloved!

MK Murphy, PhD, DD

Christians and their Differences of Opinion

Now Barnabas was determined to take with them John called Mark. But Paul insisted that they should not take with them the one who had departed from them in Pamphylia, and had not gone with them to the work. Then the contention became so sharp that they parted from one another. And so Barnabas took Mark and sailed to Cyprus; but Paul chose Silas and departed, being commended by the brethren to the grace of God. ~Acts 15:37-40 NKJV

paul-barnabas-markWe all have our differences of opinion among ourselves. Sadly, though, we tend to cut off those from our friendship list when there is a great difference of opinion or a grand argument where there is no resolution. This, also, is what causes many of the needless splits within the church families throughout the world. Quite honestly most of the disagreements between members are based upon “I’m right and you are wrong!” mentalities. This is quite an anti-biblical teaching. Sadly, we are willing to tear apart the church family in order to get our way and quite potentially destroy the church in the process.

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We are willing to scream and shout at our brothers and sisters in Christ to be heard. And if that doesn’t get us our way, we will stomp our feet, hold our breath, and walk out the door…along with several other members and start another church.

Personally, I believe it stirs up a healthy dialogue when you raise such questions of foundations, tenets, doctrine and dogma. It allow us a venue to share our beliefs, our understanding of the scripture, and generally help us grow and people and as children of Christ. We MUST be willing to stand up for what we believe is right, especially for the word of God and get things clarified. I also believe at times it is healthy for a church to split. Splitting does two things: 1. makes room for more people (new congregants) and 2. it has a tendency to shake up the church leadership a little. Sometimes, not quite enough.

Let us get something straight (this being my opinion and my understanding), and this is one of those things that is a bit twisted, the church is the people, the Pastor is the shepherd over the flock (or teacher), and the deacons, as well as, others are to help serve the people in order to free up that time the pastors use to use serving the people in between teaching the congregation. (The Book of Acts was written about 63 A.D. or later.)

Then the twelve summoned the multitude of the disciples and said, “It is not desirable that we should leave the word of God and serve tables. Therefore, brethren, seek out from among you seven men of good reputation, full of the Holy Spirit and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business; but we will give ourselves continually to prayer and to the ministry of the word.”~Acts 6:2-4 NKJV

However, in corporate America…the Deacon Board is the CEO board and the Pastor is an employee who is hired by the Deacon board. It may not seem that way, but in reality…that is the corporate structure under any particular state’s laws. But I digress…anyhoo…

Differences of opinion can be healthy if approached correctly. Sometimes as a congregation grows things need to be revisited, reassessed, revised, and possibly re-explained. After all, God wants us to be of one mind.

Be of the same mind toward one another. ~Romans 12:16 NKJV

And if we are of a similar mind, our guidance remains the same, despite our personal understandings and interpretations of the tenets and doctrines of the bible, or church for that matter. However, in my humble opinion, the church doctrine should directly correlate to the Biblical Doctrines taught. And personal spins on such should be met with challenges from the people. If either the church is wrong or if the challenging member(s) is/are wrong…each one should be able to argue their point and position.

Only Luke is with me. Get Mark and bring him with you, for he is useful to me for ministry. ~2 Timothy 4:11

Although, at some point in time, Paul settled his disagreement with John Mark.  (The Book of 2 Timothy was written between 66-67 A.D.) It only took 4 years or less to do so. But this is what must be done. We as the body of Christ and as the church, as a whole, are to be reconciled to one another through Jesus Christ! We are one body, whether you like it or not; unfortunately, we do not act as such! Reconciliation is a gift of God in order for us to act according to God’s will and that we may, and should, act as ambassadors for Christ.

When you see someone from another congregation or another church…do you see a brother or sister in Christ, or do you see a heathen or sinner? Which do you see? What runs through your mind? Are they only saved if they go to your church? Are they only saved if they believe as you believe? Now, don’t get me wrong – there are “churches” that claim to be of God and Christ and filled with the Holy Spirit, but do teach some things that do not coincide with what the scriptures blatantly state.

Even the lost, in a manner of speaking, are brothers and sisters. Because if you get right down to it we can all be traced back to the survivors of the flood (Noah) and by him back to Adam and Eve. Remember that we all need to be good ambassadors for Christ and the Kingdom of God! Therefore, we do need to act accordingly and we need to steer those we come in contact with toward Christ as their Savior. In so doing we increase to numbers for the Kingdom of God. In so doing, that becomes another opportunity for the Holy Spirit to act upon the hearts of other men and women in order to change their lives. It is the Spirit of God who actually makes all the changes in the lives of others for their Salvation.

Remember You Are An Ambassador for Christ! You can help guide them to salvation or you can aid them and build them up in the body of Christ!

May God Richly Bless You, My Beloved!

MK Murphy, PhD, DD

Make Us A King To Judge Us Like All The Nations

Give+us+a+King+title+slide“Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah, and said to him, “Look, you are old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.” But the thing displeased Samuel when they said, “Give us a king to judge us.” So Samuel prayed to the Lord. And the Lord said to Samuel, “Heed the voice of the people in all that they say to you; for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me, that I should not reign over them. According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt, even to this day—with which they have forsaken Me and served other gods—so they are doing to you also. Now therefore, heed their voice. However, you shall solemnly forewarn them, and show them the behavior of the king who will reign over them.”” ~1Samuel 8:4-9 NKJV

Mankind though different, individually, he is quite the same and very predictable. Always seeking a leader to be over himself and his people…”let someone else take charge,” he would say. But it always ends badly for him when man looks to others and away from God, who is man’s rightful leader and king; as He is mans Creator.

It is quite apparent that God, our Creator, was always intended to be our one true leader; each of us to make our own decisions for the good of all people. BUT man always looks to another for that guidance and inevitably complains when things do not go the way he intended them to go. hmmmmmmmmm…go figure! The remainder of 1 Samuel 8 gives you a looks at what happens when you turn from God and act as the other nations who do not follow the one true God Almighty:

“So Samuel told all the words of the Lord to the people who asked him for a king. And he said, “This will be the behavior of the king who will reign over you: He will take your sons and appoint them for his own chariots and to be his horsemen, and some will run before his chariots. He will appoint captains over his thousands and captains over his fifties, will set some to plow his ground and reap his harvest, and some to make his weapons of war and equipment for his chariots. He will take your daughters to be perfumers, cooks, and bakers. And he will take the best of your fields, your vineyards, and your olive groves, and give them to his servants. He will take a tenth of your grain and your vintage, and give it to his officers and servants. And you will cry out in that day because of your king whom you have chosen for yourselves, and the Lord will not hear you in that day.” ~1 Samuel 8:10-18

We were forewarned what would happen to us: taking our sons for his (the king’s) service, harvesting for the king, make weapons and equipment for the king, higher taxation, and “you will cry out in that day because of your king whom you have chosen for yourselves…” This is not what it is called these days, but it is the exact same sentiment…YOU will cry out…complain, or bitch, etc. And essentially do nothing about it at all!

the_anointing_of_saulWhether it be the anointing of a king, coronation of a queen, or the inauguration of a president, it all ends with crying of the people in the end! God intended His people to be honorable and kingly in their own right; unfortunately, time and again we permit our leaders to change things because in some way they are not fair…hmmmmmmmm…really? Guess what? Life is not fair, but life can give us some great lessons we would not learn otherwise and by turning away from God and toward the government to fix the problems that are in reality concerns of the heart…they will never be fixed. Things will only get worse.

If you do proper research, you will find that the government created the initial problem which snowballed into the massive behemoth catastrophe and then they will swoop in and conjure up the laws, regulations, programs, committees, etc. to repair the problem to make things all better and fair. They have a term for this: the Hegelian Dialectic. Sounds impressive, eh?

The Hegelian dialectic is the framework for guiding our thoughts and actions into conflicts that lead us to a predetermined solution. If we do not understand how the Hegelian dialectic shapes our perceptions of the world, then we do not know how we are helping to implement the vision. When we remain locked into dialectical thinking, we cannot see out of the box.

Hegel’s dialectic is the tool which manipulates us into a frenzied circular pattern of thought and action. Every time we fight for or defend against an ideology we are playing a necessary role in Marx and Engels’ grand design to advance humanity into a dictatorship of the proletariat. The synthetic Hegelian solution to all these conflicts can’t be introduced unless we all take a side that will advance the agenda. The Marxist’s global agenda is moving along at breakneck speed. The only way to completely stop the privacy invasions, expanding domestic police powers, land grabs, insane wars against inanimate objects (and transient verbs), covert actions, and outright assaults on individual liberty, is to step outside the dialectic. This releases us from the limitations of controlled and guided thought.
~”What is the Hegelian Dialectic?

I dislike mixing the religious aspect with the political; however, there are times we must do so. This is because man was meant to be guided by God’s word, and we are to live God’s word by applying it in our daily lives, and to use it in order to make rightful decisions, especially as leaders in the community in which we live. Sometimes, if not most times, we are meant to brake away from the fray and act more as God intended us to act. By doing so, we can have a small affect upon our society to reel in the affects of the ungodly who run our communities into the ground.

politicsThis is why politics is so important in our religious lives, because politics by its very definition and nature is “to engage in political intrigue, take advantage of a political situation or issue, resort to partisan politics,” or, “to deal with people in an opportunistic, manipulative, or devious way, as for job advancement.” Summing it up politics is the art of compromise so that everyone (involved in the negotiations) gets something of value…but what of the rest of us???

So all of you out there who believe that we are not to speak of religion and politics with others, I beg to differ with you. Because these two subjects will tell you more about a person than any other subject. Also, both religion and politics are both grounded into the lives of every person in the real world, yes, even an atheist!

Remember we were all forewarned, whether we chose to believe it or not!

May God Richly Bless You All, My Beloved!

MK Murphy, PhD, DD

Are We Our Brother’s Keeper?

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So many ideas, so many things happening, so many different directions to approach and, yet, so little time to decide betwixt the bunch!

First we have all of the shootings and acts of blatant idiocy and horror.

Then you have all acts of stupidity and acting that they are ALL shrouded in racism and white supremacy.

SCOTUS-2013And now you have opposing decisions from the SCOTUS (i.e., the ACA decision on the 24th and the Gay marriage issue decision on the 26th. Both decisions made with comments made by Chief Justice Roberts. The ACA decision which he promoted, but despite his decision as the majority was a bad one with respect to the constitution; on the other hand, Chief Justice Roberts was a dissenting opinion however the decision was a good one with respect to the constitution, but Roberts opinion was in direct opposition to his opinion in the Burwell case (ACA).

With all of the above things happening, you are forced to answer two very important questions: 1. Are we our brother’s keeper? And, 2. Have we as America followed the path of the Godless nations which God had laid a heavy judgment upon?

Quite honestly, I would have to say Yes and Yes!

my-brothers-keeperWe are our brother’s keepers, but not in a babysitting sense of the meaning. However, we are in the sense of guidance (with respect to the younger generation) and in the sense of friendly nudges and information (with respect to our peers and our older generation.) Our younger generation and our peers are the worst with respect to history and memory of such.  As with anything else in our lives this act will spur on arguments and disagreements, but must be done.  Unfortunately, this also entails the speck1problem that we all have committed sin and are not worthy in God’s eyes to raise the questionable acts of others.  All we can doo is the best we can do knowing full well that we too are sinners in God’s eyes!  Yes, it will be an uphill battle regardless of your view and approach.  Jesus let us know in no uncertain terms, “He who is without sin among you, let him throw a stone at her first.” (John 8:7)  And the psalmist reminded us, “For in Your sight no one living is righteous.” (Psalm 143:2)  Again, an uphill battle no matter which side of the battle you take.  Also, man has a significant problem with respect to God’s laws versus man’s laws…both of which on the average are consistently and ever increasingly at odds with one another.  Just had a “spirited debate” over that fact with someone whom I count as a dear friend…and yes we are still friends!

but-seek-first-1Consider, for a moment, to leave your worries, concerns, problems, and requests to God and His word.  Seek the wisdom of the Almighty through the Spirit, making your requests known…even though, God knows all of your requests before you do!  Seek out God’s will in your life and in your task.  God gave us both a blessing and a curse, so-to-say, in the way of Freewill.  We can choose to do either right or wrong…how did it work out for mankind when Adam and Eve discovered this inalienable truth?  We have the power and right to do ALL things, but not all things are inherently permitted because to do so may cause another to stumble and sin…and it is we who will answer for that sin!

And I will leave you with this note:

“Do not rebuke an older man, but exhort him as a father, younger men as brothers, older women as mothers, younger women as sisters, with all purity.”  ~1Timothy 5:1-2

I hope you found this to be helpful, interesting, a blessing, or perhaps even all three!

May God Richly Bless You All!

MK Murphy, PhD, DD

Marriage…Man & Woman

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“And the Lord God said, “It is not good that man should be alone; I will make him a helper comparable to him.”” ~Genesis 2:18

God intended to create a helper for man as a companion and who was comparable to him, very similar to the animals which He had created and He told them, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” (Genesis 1:22)  Hence, the animals were made with helpers which were comparable to the male of the species.  Thus, the creation of Eve, the female of the species of man only made sense in order to 1. create a helper for man, 2. create a comparable companion for man, and 3. to create a mate for man in order to procreate and increase the species of man.  This which was done so that man could and would:

“Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.” ~Genesis 2:24

That which God has joined, let man not separate!  (Matt 19:6; Mark 10:9)  The intent was that God desired man to procreate and increase the species; just as with the animals of the land, birds of the air, and the fish of the water.  Procreation cannot be accomplished by same sex couples.  This is not hate speech, nor is it fundamentalist theology, it is scientific fact!  Man cannot bring forth life with another man, nor can a woman do so with another woman.

Now we must keep in mind there are, in-fact, two forms of marriage:  One by law and the other by God.  The one based in law and statute is applicable to all people and, in my opinion, anyone can marry any other person they choose; based upon our laws, statutes, and both state & federal constitutions.  The marriage in the sight of God is a marriage is based upon the tenets of a moral law-giver.  These moral laws are spelled out within the confines of the biblical text.

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The unfortunate and true fact is, that churches are, in this respect, extensions and agents of the state, when they perform a marriage; regardless of how they see themselves and in what capacity they consider themselves.  Each and every church, very few that are not, is a corporation which by definition is a fiction of the state within which they reside.  The pastor/minister fills out the Marriage License as a representative of the church.  The only reason a Marriage License is needed, in my opinion, is for government benefits when your spouse does die.  I often think we, as Christians, should go back to the Common Law Marriages of old, instead of the state sponsored marriages.  You can do them, and they are lawful, but most are concerned of the benefits.

marriage1You cannot classify my belief as hate speech if YOU take the opposite position and infer YOUR position to be free from hate!  You have your belief and I have mine, each of which is protected under the First Amendment to the US Constitution and various state constitutions.  However, all too often our Constitutionally protected rights are being abrogated by laws – which is not how you amen the constitution…but that is beyond the scope of this particular blog posting.

May God Richly Bless You All!

MK Murphy, PhD, DD